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Microbial sulfur metabolism                                  



Sulfate respiration is one of the major modes of anaerobic respiration in anoxic environments. This ancient microbial metabolism plays a critical role in the biogeochemical sulfur cycle, and is also important in the gut. Sulfate respiration displays some unique metabolic features, and how microorganisms obtain energy from this process has not been fully established. We investigate the respiratory metabolism of sulfate reducers, which will give us important clues into the evolution of Life on the early earth, and is crucial for exploiting these organisms in biotech applications or for controlling the damaging side-effects of their activity (for example in biocorrosion or in microbiota-associated diseases like colorectal cancer and inflammatory bowel diseases). We focus on the metabolic pathways involved in sulfate/sulfite respiration, and have characterized several essential membrane complexes for the first time, which was an important breakthrough into understanding the mechanism of this process. We also discovered the presence of an additional step in dissimilatory sulfate reduction, involving a protein trisulfide as the product of sulfite reduction. Ongoing studies focus on how the membrane complexes interact with other proteins in metabolic pathways to achieve energy conservation.


Selected publications:

Santos A¥, Venceslau SS¥, Grein F, Leavitt WD, Dahl C, Johnston DT and Pereira IAC* (2015) A protein trisulfide couples dissimilatory sulfate reduction to energy conservationScience 350, 1541

Duarte AG, Catarino T, White GF, Lousa L, Neukirchen S, Soares CM, Sousa FL, Clarke TA & Pereira IAC* (2018) An electrogenic redox loop in sulfate reduction reveals a likely widespread mechanism of energy conservationNature Comm., 9, 5448

Nikolay A. Chernyh*, Sinje Neukirchen, Evgenii N. Frolov, Filipa L. Sousa*, Margarita L. Miroshnichenko, Alexander Y. Merkel, Nikolay V. Pimenov, Dimitry Y. Sorokin, Sergio Ciordia, María Carmen Mena, Manuel Ferrer, Peter N. Golyshin, Alexander V. Lebedinsky, Inês A. Cardoso Pereira* & Elizaveta A. Bonch-Osmolovskaya (2020) Dissimilatory sulfate reduction in the archaeon ‘Candidatus Vulcanisaeta moutnovskia’ sheds light on the evolution of sulfur metabolism. Nature Microbiology, 5, 1428–1438 |

Ferreira D, Barbosa ACC, Oliveira GP, Catarino T, Venceslau SS, Pereira IAC. The DsrD functional marker protein is an allosteric activator of the DsrAB dissimilatory sulfite reductaseProc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 119 (4) e2118880119; DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2118880119




Redox enzymes for sustainable catalysis 

(H2 metabolism and CO2 reduction)



We study important redox enzymes for the synthesis of biofuels, including a [NiFeSe] hydrogenase for H2 production and oxidation, and a W/Sec-formate dehydrogenase for CO2 reduction. We use a rational approach to engineer these enzymes with the aim to investigate their mechanism and the molecular basis for their high activity and stability. Together with collaborators we also investigate their use for development of novel biohybrid systems for electro or photocatalysis of H2 production or CO2 reduction.


Selected publications:

[NiFeSe] Hydrogenase

Marques MC, Tapia C, Gutiérrez-Sanz O, Ramos AR, Keller KL, Wall JD, De Lacey AL, Matias PM*, Pereira IAC* (2017) The direct role of selenocysteine in [NiFeSe] hydrogenase maturation and catalysisNature Chem. Biol., 13, 544-550

Zacarias S; Temporão A; del Barrio M; Fourmond V; Leger C; Matias P*; Pereira IAC* (2019) A hydrophilic channel is involved in oxidative inactivation of a [NiFeSe] hydrogenaseACS Catalysis, DOI 10.1021/acscatal.9b02347

Moore EE, Virgil A, Zacarias S, Pereira IAC, Reisner E (2020) Integration of a Hydrogenase in a Lead Halide Perovskite Photoelectrode for Tandem Solar Water SplittingACS Energy Lett., 5, 232-237    DOI 10.1021/acsenergylett.9b02437

Ruff A, Szczesny J, Markovi N, Conzuelo F, Zacarias S, Pereira IAC, Lubitz W & Schuhmann W (2018) A fully protected hydrogenase/polymer-based bioanode for high-performance hydrogen/glucose biofuel cellsNature Comm. 9, 3675,

W/Sec Formate dehydrogenase

Oliveira AR, Mota C, Mourato C, Domingos RM, Santos MFA, Gesto D, Guigliarelli B, Santos-Silva T, Romão MJ*, Pereira IAC* (2020) Toward the mechanistic understanding of enzymatic CO2 reductionACS Catalysis, DOI: 10.1021/acscatal.0c00086

Sokol KP, Robinson WE, Oliveira AR, Zacarias S, Lee C-Y, Madden C, Bassegoda A, Hirst J, Pereira IAC, Reisner E (2019) Reversible and Selective Interconversion of Hydrogen and Carbon Dioxide into Formate by a Semiartificial Formate Hydrogenlyase MimicJ. Am. Chem. Soc., DOI 10.1021/jacs.9b09575

Miller, M., Robinson, W.E., Oliveira, A.R., Heidary, N., Kornienko, N., Warnan, J., Pereira, I.A.C., Reisner, E. (2019) Interfacing Formate Dehydrogenase with Metal Oxides for the Reversible Electrocatalysis and Solar-Driven Reduction of Carbon DioxideAngew. Chemie 131, 4649, DOI: 10.1002/ange.201814419

Sokol KP, Robinson WE, Oliveira AR, Warnan J, Nowaczyk MM, Ruff A, Pereira IAC, Reisner E (2018) Photoreduction of CO2 with a Formate Dehydrogenase Driven by Photosystem II Using a Semi-artificial Z-Scheme Architecture. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 140, 16418-16422  DOI: 10.1021/jacs.8b10247





Whole cell catalysis




We also investigate the use of anaerobic bacteria for whole cell biocatalysis of H2 production, CO2 reduction or bioremediation of environmental pollutants, using simple cells or coupled with synthetic materials.


Selected publications:

Martins M, Toste C, Pereira IAC (2021) Enhanced Light‐Driven Hydrogen Production by Self‐Photosensitized Biohybrid SystemsAngew. Chemie, 60, DOI: 10.1002/anie.202016960

Martins M*, Mourato C, Sanches S, Noronha JP, Barreto Crespo MT, Pereira IAC * (2017) Biogenic platinum and palladium nanoparticles as new catalysts for the removal of pharmaceutical compoundsWater Res., 108, 160-168

Mourato C, Martins M, da Silva SM, Pereira IAC* (2017) A continuous system for biocatalytic hydrogenation of CO2 to formateBioresource Technol., 235, 149-156   DOI 10.1016/j.biortech.2017.03.091

Martins M & Pereira IAC* (2013) Sulfate-reducing bacteria as new microorganisms for biological hydrogen productionInt. J. Hydr. Energ, 38, 12294-12301





Role of sulfidogenic bacteria in human disease



Sulfide producing bacteria in the gut have been associated with colorectal cancer and inflammatory bowel diseases. We study the main gut sulfidogenic bacteria associated with these conditions, namely the taurine-utilizing Bilophila wadsworthia and Desulfovibrio spp.


Selected publications:

Loubinoux J, Bronowicki JP, Pereira IAC, Mougenel JL, and Le Faou AE (2002) Sulfate-Reducing Bacteria in Human Feces and their Association with Inflammatory Bowel Diseases. FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. 1341, 1-6

da Silva SM, Venceslau SS, Fernandes CLV Valente FMA and Pereira IAC (2008) Hydrogen as an energy source for the human pathogen Bilophila wadsworthia. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 93 (4), 381-390

Loubinoux J, Valente FMA, Pereira IAC, Costa A, Grimont PAD, and Le Faou AE (2002) Reclassification of the only species of the genus Desulfomonas, Desulfomonas pigra, as Desulfovibrio piger comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 52 (4), 1305-1308

Loubinoux J, Mory F, Pereira IAC and Le Faou A (2000) Bacteremia Caused by a strain of Desulfovibrio Related to the Provisionally named Desulfovibrio fairfieldensis. J. Clin. Microbiol. 38 (2), 931-934

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